Strategi Peladang Berpindah di Routa Dalam Rangka Menguatkan Klaim Hak Atas Tanah Bekas Areal Perladangan Berpindah di Masa Lalu

  • Sarlan Adijaya Dosen Antropologi UHO
Keywords: Strategy;, land;, cultivator;, cultivated area;, shifting cultivation;, tenure;

Abstract

Claims of rights to land formerly shifting cultivation areas in the past, as referred to by the terms orawu, anahoma, laliwata and osambu are now increasingly ineffective - one of which is because the former shifting cultivation area has been abandoned for a long time where the trees have grown as usual, until hardly leaving the slightest sign of former swidden cultivation areas. As a result, lands in the former shifting cultivation areas in the past are now being taken over and controlled by other parties.

This research, which lasted for six months, was conducted in Routa District, Konawe Regency, Southeast Sulawesi Province, considering that in this area a new phenomenon has developed in which land formerly cultivated areas in the past was re-opened by their descendants of current shifting cultivators in order to strengthen land rights claims. There are …. informants participated in this study, including shifting cultivators and descendants of shifting cultivators, government officials, and local law enforcers. Data collection techniques were carried out through interviews and observations.

The study shows that the current strategy of the descendants of shifting cultivators in Routa is to re-open their parents' former shifting cultivation areas - this strategy is increasingly emphasized through planting growing crops, creating boundaries and legalizing land rights with both SKT and SHM. These strategies have proven to be quite successful in overcoming the encroachment of former shifting cultivation areas as well as providing new economic bases for shifting cultivators in the form of land and gardens.

References

Alland Jr, Alexander

Adaptation in Cultural Evolution: An Approach to Medical Anthropology. New York and London, Columbia University Press.

Bakker, Laurens

Can we get Hak Ulayat? Land and Community in Pasir and Nunukan. This paper was presentend at an Indira Project workshop at Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, 31 May to 3 June 2007.

Beckmann, Franz von Benda dan Beckmann, Keebet von Benda

Transforming Traditions: Myths and Stereotypes About Traditional Law in a Globalizing World. Paper to be presented at the panel “Law Matters: Mapping Legal Diversity”, EASA Conference “Experiencing Diversity and Mutuality”, Ljubljana, Slovenia, August 26 to 30, 2008. Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology, Halle

Bennet, Jhon W

Northern Plainsmen: Adaptive Strategy and Agrarian Life. New Brunswick (USA) and London (UK). Aldine Transaction.

………………..

The Ecological Transition: Cultural Anthropology and Human Adaptation. Santa Louis, Washington University.

Hardesty, L. Donald

Ecological Anthropology. Toronto, John Willey & Sons.

Lynch, Owen J. dan Talbott, Kirk

Keseimbangan Tindakan: Sistem Pengelolaan Hutan Kerakyatan dan Hukum Negara di Asia dan Pasifik (terjemahan). Jakarta, World Research Institute dan Elsam.

Moran, Emilio F.

Human Adaptability. North Scituate, Massachusetts, Duxbury Press.

Rambo, A. Terry

Fire and the Energy Efficiency of Swidden Agriculture. In Asian Perspectives, XXIII (2). P.309-316.

………………..

Conceptual Approaches to Human Ecology. Reasearch Report No.14. June 1983. Honolulu, East-West Environment and Policy Institute.

Salim, Agus

Teori dan Paradigma Penelitian Sosial. Jogyakarta, Tiara Wacana.

Seavoy, E. Ronald

The Shading Cycle in Shifting Cultivation. In Annals of the Association of American Geographers Vol. 63, No. 4 (Dec., 1973), P.522-528.

Spradley, James P.

Metode Etnografi (terjemahan). Jogyakarta, Tiara Wacana.

Steward, Julian H.

Evolution and Ecology (edited by Jane C. Steward and Robert F. Murphy). Urbana Chicago London, University Of Illinois Press.

Suhendar, Endang dan Kasim, Ifdal

Tanah Sebagai Komoditas: Kajian Kritis Atas Kebijakan Pertanahan Orde Baru. Jakarta, ELSAM.

Taridala, Yusran dan Adijaya, Sarlan

Pranata Hutan Rakyat. Jogjakarta, Debut Press

Tarimana, A. Raup

Kebudayaan Tolaki. Jakarta, Balai Pustaka.

Ter Harr

Asas-Asas dan Susunan Hukum Adat (teremahan). Jakarta, PT. Pradnya Paramita.

Published
2020-12-31
How to Cite
Adijaya, S. (2020). Strategi Peladang Berpindah di Routa Dalam Rangka Menguatkan Klaim Hak Atas Tanah Bekas Areal Perladangan Berpindah di Masa Lalu. Emik, 3(2), 121-136. https://doi.org/10.46918/emik.v3i2.656
Section
Articles