Penonton Boys’ Love: Ketertarikan, Respon, dan Orientasi Seksual

  • Millah Ananda Yunita Peneliti Yayasan Antropos Indonesia
Keywords: Boys’ Love, Covid-19, Response, Homosexuality, Sexual Orientation

Abstract

With the issuance of Minister of Health Regulation Number 9 of 2020 concerning Guidelines for Large-Scale Social Restrictions in the Context of Accelerating the Handling of Corona Virus Disease 2019 (Covid-19), the government recommended that all community activities be carried out from home (work from home). The amount of time spent at home causes people to become bored and need entertainment, one of which is by spending time to watch film. One of the shows that is currently booming is Boys' Love which is a fictional media (manga, anime, series) that focuses on homoerotic and homoromantic relationships between men. This article discusses how audiences are attracted to, respond to, and question their sexual orientation.

 Using qualitative approach, this study combined in-depth interview and observation as data collection methods. his research was conducted online through the brightforwin fanpage community which took place from August 2021 to February 2022. There are eleven informants involved in this study who are the audiences of Boys’ Love. They vary according to age (between 19 and 42 years), sex (eight women and three men), and status (three housewives and eight college students).

The study shows that Boys' Love series became popular because it is not only focused on sexual activity, but also on how to build relationships between characters, to express sexuality, and to deepen relationships between viewers. The public's response to this series was varied, some were suddenly interested and became big fans of the Boys' Love series, some didn’t care, and others clearly reject this series. In regard to the sexual orientation of Boys' Love audience, there are differences between male and female audience. Male audience of Boys' Love series is considered as transgender or gay. For female audiences, there is a difference between married and single women. For married women, their sexual orientation is not questioned because of their marital status, while for single women, their orientation is questioned by others. But, as the fan and viewer of Boys’ Love some single men and women also question their sexual orientation.

References

Adani, E. F. 2018. Hubungan Peran Gender Tradisional Dengan Sikap Terhadap Homoseksualpada Penggemar Boys’ Love: Cerita Percintaan Sesama Laki-Laki. Disertasi, Fakultas Psikologi, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya.

Agustino, L. 2020. “Analisis Kebijakan Penanganan Wabah Covid-19: Pengalaman Indonesia,” Jurnal Borneo Administrator, 16(2):253-270, http://samarinda.lan.go.id/jba/index.php/jba/article/view/685, diakses tanggal 18 Desember 2021.

Ammar, I. W. 2018. Eksistensi Fujoshi di Kalangan Pecinta Kebudayaan Jepang: Studi Etnografi Terhadap Wanita Penyuka Fiksi Homoseksual di Kota Medan, Sumatera Utara, https://repositori.usu.ac.id/handle/123456789/4603, diakses tanggal 3 November 2021.

Anjanette, C. 2019. Konstruksi Femininitas Pria Homoseksual dalam Boys Love: Analisis Semiotika Terhadap Komik Jepang Romantic Joutou oleh Moriyo, http://repository.unair.ac.id/87134/5/JURNAL.pdf, diakses tanggal 15 Februari 2022.

Azuraa, W. 2019. Boy With Love: Komunikasi Pencinta Film Boys’ Love”, Voxpop, 1(1): 13-23, http://voxpop.upnjatim.ac.id/index.php/voxpop/article/view/4, diakses tanggal 19 Oktober 2021.

Baudinette, T. 2019. “Lovesick, The Series: adapting Japanese Boys’ Love’ to Thailand and the Creation of a New Genre of Queer Media”, South East Asia Research, 27(2):115-132, https://doi.org/10.1080/0967828X.2019.1627762, diakses tanggal 12 September 2021.

Dewi, P. A. 2012. “Komunitas Fujoshi di Kalangan Perempuan Indonesia”, Lingua Cultura, 6(2):173-182, https://media.neliti.com/media/publications/166587-ID-komunitas-fujoshi-di-kalangan-perempuan.pdf, diakses tanggal 17 November 2022.

Elliott, W. R. dan Quattlebaum, C. P. 1979. “Similarities in Patterns of Media Use: A Cluster Analysis of Media Gratifications”, Western Journal of Communication, 43(1):61-72, https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/10570317909373954, diakses tanggal 12 September 2021.

Fitriana, R.; Darmawan, D. R.; Efriani, E.; dan Apriadi, D. W. 2021. “Gejolak Fujoshi Dalam Media Sosial: Peran Media Twitter Dalam Pembentukan Identitas Kelompok Fujoshi”, Kiryoku, 5(2):228-235, Gejolak Fujoshi Dalam Media Sosial (Peran Media Twitter Dalam Pembentukan Identitas Kelompok Fujoshi) | Fitriana | KIRYOKU (undip.ac.id), diakses pada tanggal 5 Januari 2022.

Habibah, Y. N.; Pratama, J. A.; dan Iqbal, M. M. 2021. “Globalisasi dan Penerimaan LGBTQ+ di ASEAN: Studi Kasus Budaya Boys’ Love di Thailand”, Jurnal Sentris, 2(1):87-103, https://doi.org/10.26593/sentris.v2i1.4615.87-103, diakses tanggal 12 September 2021.

Harahap, R. D. 2016. “LGBT di Indonesia: Perspektif Hukum Islam, HAM, Psikologi dan Pendekatan Maṣlaḥah”, Al-Ahkam, 26(2):223-248, https://journal.walisongo.ac.id/index.php/ahkam/article/view/991/895, diakses tanggal 5 September 2021.

Hidayati, M. dan Hidayat, M. A. 2021. “Dramaturgi Identitas Perempuan Penggemar Karya Fiksi Homoseksual (Boys Love) di Indonesia”, Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Sosial, 7(2):159-169, https://ejournal.undiksha.ac.id/index.php/JIIS/article/view/39338, diakses pada tanggal 12 September 2021.

Karunia, H.; Ashri, N.; dan Irwansyah, I. 2021. “Fenomena Penggunaan Media Sosial: Studi Pada Teori Uses and Gratification”, Jurnal Teknologi dan Sistem Informasi Bisnis-JTEKSIS, 3(1):92-104, http://jurnal.unidha.ac.id/index.php/jteksis/article/view/187 , diakses tanggal 18 Desember 2021.

Kristanto, A. B. D. dan Alie, A. 2019. “Studi Fenomenologi Tentang Laki-Laki (Fudanshi) Penggemar Bacaan Dan Tontonan Fiksi Romantis Homoerotis Jepang (Yaoi) Di Kota Surabaya”, Journal of Urban Sociology, 1(1):58-69, file:///C:/Users/USER/Downloads/564-1436-1-SM%20(2).pdf, diakses tanggal 5 Januari 2022.

Levi, A.; McHarry, M.; dan Pagliassotti, D. 2010. Boys’ Love Manga: Essays on the Sexual Ambiguity and Cross-Cultural Fandom of the Genre. Belgium: McFarland & Company Inc.

Malia, Y. N. 2021. Analisis Minat Konsumen Berlangganan Netflix Di Masa Pandemi Perspektif Ekonomi Islam. Disertasi, Fakultas Studi Islam, Universitas Islam Kalimantan MAB. Banjarmasin.

Mopashari, A. 2019. Sikap Dan Perilaku Wanita Penggemar Cerita Cinta Homoseksual Di Facebook Dan Instagram Terhadap Stigma Masyarakat: Studi Kasus di Kalangan Fujoshi. Disertasi, Fakultas Sosiologi, Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang, Malang.

Mubaroka, A dan Susanti, V. 2021. “Media, Representasi, dan Persepsi terhadap Identitas Seksual”, Communication, April, 12(1):13-20, https://journal.budiluhur.ac.id/index.php/comm/article/view/13299, diakses tanggal 19 Oktober 2021.

Ofcom. 2020. Media Nations 2020: UK Report, https://www.ofcom.org.uk/__data/assets/pdf_file/0010/200503/media-nations-2020-uk-report.pdf, diakses tanggal 20 September 2021.

Prasannam, N. 2019. “The Yaoi phenomenon in Thailand and Fan/Industry Interaction”, Plaridel, 16(2):63-89, The_Yaoi_Phenomenon_in_Thailand_and_Fan (1).pdf, diakses tanggal 18 September 2021.

Shella. 2019. Menjadi Fujoshi Ditinjau Dari Teori Flow: Penelitian Terhadap Fujoshi Remaja Penikmat Media Yaoi. Skripsi, Fakultas Psikologi, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan.

Sianturi, S. F. dan Junaidi, A. 2021. “Persepsi Penggemar Pasangan Boys Love (BL Ship) Terhadap Homoseksualitas”, Koneksi, Oktober, 5(2):302-311, http://journal.untar.ac.id/index.php/koneksi/article/view/10312, diakses tanggal 15 Februari 2022.

Simamarta, H. T.; Sunaryo.; Susanto, A.; Fachrurozi.; dan Purnama, C. S. 2017. Indonesia Zamrud Toleransi. Jakarta: PSIK-Indonesia, https://library.fes.de/pdf-files/bueros/indonesien/13386.pdf, diakses tanggal 15 Februari 2022.

Venturini, F. K.; Lubis, F. O.; dan Oxcygentri, O. 2021. “Pengaruh Tayangan 2gether: The Series Terhadap Sikap Toleransi Perempuan Mengenai Homoseksual”, LUGAS: Jurnal Komunikasi, 5(1):10-20, https://ojs.stiami.ac.id/index.php/lugas/article/view/1553, diakses tanggal 16 November 2021.
Published
2022-06-08
How to Cite
Yunita, M. (2022). Penonton Boys’ Love: Ketertarikan, Respon, dan Orientasi Seksual. Emik, 5(1), 47-62. https://doi.org/10.46918/emik.v5i1.1219